Fenugreek (trigonellafoenum-graecum) compounds would have positive effects on blood glucose and insulin resistance in mild to moderate type 2 diabetes mellitus.
In a study carried out in 2001, 25 people with type 2 diabetes were treated with either 1 g of fenugreek hydro-alcoholic extract or with a placebo for 2 months. Results have shown that fenugreek can improve glycemic control, but above all increases insulin sensitivity, while decreasing triglyceride levels and increasing HDL cholesterol levels. A study carried out in 2012 on rats came to roughly the same conclusions and stated that the glucose level could almost be reduced to normal. Fenugreek also has antioxidant properties that protect the liver and pancreas.
Fenugreek can be used as an infusion, or ground and added to bread and cake preparations. It is not recommended for pregnant women because it stimulates uterine contractions.
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